Introduction

What are indigenous plants?

Indigenous plants are the original flora, or plants that occur naturally, in a given location. Because they have evolved to the conditions within the local environment, indigenous plants are well adapted to the soils, topography and climate of the local area.

Indigenous or native plants

Many retail nurseries sell ‘native’ plants. This refers to any plant found in Australia, as opposed to an ‘indigenous’ plant that is specific to a region e.g. Bayside. Just like plants introduced from another country, native plants have the potential to become an environmental weed. For example the Bluebell Creeper (Billardiera heterophylla) from Western Australia was a popular native commercial nursery plant that is now aggressively invading bushland around Victoria. Hybridization is also a problem

When two species crossbreed they can create a third species e.g. Horse x Donkey = Mule. Many native Correas have crossed with indigenous Correas to create hybrids that outcompete and displace indigenous Correas in the natural environment. It is therefore important to source your indigenous plants from your local indigenous nursery that uses locally collected seeds or cuttings to ensure the genetic form of the plant is from the Bayside region

Indigenous plants in the garden

Many of Bayside’s local indigenous plant species look great in any garden, providing spectacular displays of colour and texture throughout the seasons. Indigenous plants can be used successfully to create formal, bush-style or cottage gardens, contemporary garden designs or planted out in containers to create attractive courtyards or balconies